European Data Protection Supervisor
European Data Protection Supervisor



Publication 2012 Annual report - 'Smart, sustainable, inclusive Europe' : only with stronger and more effective data protection

Wednesday, 29 May, 2013

In the course of 2012, we once again set new benchmarks in different areas of activity. In the supervision of EU institutions and bodies, when processing personal data, we interacted with more data protection officers in more institutions and bodies than ever before. In addition, we saw the effects of our new enforcement policy: most EU institutions and bodies, including many agencies, are making good progress in complying with the Data Protection Regulation, although there are still some which should increase their efforts.

In the consultation of new legislative measures, we issued a record number of opinions on a wide range of subjects. The Review of the EU legal framework for data protection was at the top of our agenda. However, the implementation of the Stockholm programme in the area of freedom, security and justice and the Digital Agenda, as well as issues in the internal market, such as financial sector reform and in public health and consumer affairs, also had an impact on data protection. We also increased our cooperation with other supervisory authorities.

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Publication 2018 Annual Report - a new era in data protection

Tuesday, 26 February, 2019

2018 was a busy year for the EDPS and a pivotal year for data protection in general. Under new data protection rules, the rights of every individual living in the EU are now better protected than ever. Public awareness about the value of online privacy is at an all-time high.

The 2018 Annual Report provides an insight into all EDPS activities in 2018. Chief among these were our efforts to prepare for the new legislation. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) became fully applicable across the EU on 25 May 2018 and new data protection rules for the EU institutions are also now in place. Working with the new European Data Protection Board (EDPB), the EDPS aims to ensure consistent protection of individuals’ rights, wherever they live in the EU.

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Publication Interoperability of information systems

Friday, 17 November, 2017

Reflection paper on the interoperability of information systems in the area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Publication Interoperability between EU large-scale informations systems

Monday, 16 April, 2018

EDPS Opinion on the Proposals for two Regulations establishing a framework for interoperability between EU large-scale information systems.

Publication Formal comments of the EDPS on the conditions for accessing other EU information systems for ETIAS purposes

Tuesday, 19 March, 2019

Formal comments of the EDPS on two proposals to establish the conditions for accessing other EU information systems for ETIAS purposes

Publication Laissez-passer

Friday, 13 October, 2006

Opinion on the draft Council Regulation (EC) laying down the form of the laissez-passer to be issued to members and servants of the institutions, OJ C 313, 20.12.2006, p. 36

The opinion analyses the draft Council Regulation on the community laissez-passer (CLP) to be issued to members and staff of the institutions and used as a diplomatic passport in third countries. According to the Council, as the initial implementation dated back to 1967, current security standards for EU travel documents require changes to the CLP.
The EDPS supports the proposal - albeit with some reservations, especially concerning the use of biometric data and reiterates his preference for the use of fallback procedures during the enrolment phase. The EDPS opposes the possible creation of central databases containing all the biometric data contained in the CLP for lack of proportionality.

The EDPS also stresses that the interoperability of the system with third countries' systems must not breach the purpose limitation principle of the processing of data. Moreover, the opinion also addresses the question of access by third countries.

Publication European Police Office

Friday, 16 February, 2007

Opinion on the proposal for a Council Decision establishing the European Police Office (Europol)(COM(2006) 817 final), OJ C 255, 27.10.2007, p. 13

The objective of the proposal is not a major change in the mandate or the activities of Europol, but mainly to provide Europol with a new and more flexible legal basis. The proposal also contains substantive changes, so as to further improve Europol's functioning. It extends the mandate of Europol and it contains several new provisions, aiming to further facilitate the work of Europol, for instance on the exchange of data between Europol and other bodies of the EC/EU, like Olaf.. The proposal contains specific rules on data protection and data security, additional to the general legal framework on data protection for the third pillar that has not yet been adopted. Other changes will bring the position of Europol more in line with other bodies of the EU.
The EDPS-opinion suggests a number of improvements and concludes moreover that the Council Decision should not be adopted before the adoption by Council of a framework on data protection, guaranteeing an appropriate level of data protection.
COM(2006) 817 final of 20.12.2006 PDF icon

Publication EU Smart Borders Package

Wednesday, 21 September, 2016

EDPS Opinion on the Second EU Smart Borders Package, Recommendations on the revised Proposal to establish an Entry/Exit System

Publication Coordination of social security systems

Tuesday, 6 March, 2007

Opinion on the proposal for a Regulation laying down the procedure for implementing Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 on the coordination of social security systems (COM(2006) 16 final), OJ C 91, 26.04.2007, p. 15

The proposal covers a vast range of areas in social security (pensions, benefits in respect of maternity, invalidity, unemployment, etc). It aims at modernising and simplifying the existing rules by strengthening cooperation and improving methods of data exchange between social security institutions of the different Member States.


The EDPS welcomed the proposal to the extent that it aims at favouring the free movement of citizens and improving the standard of living and conditions of employment of those moving within the Union. With a view to ensuring a high level of data protection, the EDPS recommends: paying utmost attention to basic data protection principles such as purpose limitation as well as proportionality in data processed, bodies authorised to process data and retention periods; ensuring that each proposed mechanism of processing and transmission of personal data is clearly based on specific legal grounds; providing the concerned persons with relevant information on the processing of their personal data.

COM(2006) 16 final of 31.01.2006 PDF icon

Publication Exchange of information under the principle of availability

Tuesday, 28 February, 2006

Opinion on the Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on the exchange of information under the principle of availability (COM (2005)490 final), OJ C 116, 17.05.2006, p. 8

Publication "Stockholm Programme" - An Area of freedom, security and justice serving the citizen

Friday, 10 July, 2009

Opinion on the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on an Area of freedom, security and justice serving the citizen, OJ C 276, 17.11.2009, p. 8

The EDPS has adopted an opinion on the European Commission's Communication of 10 June 2009 entitled “An area of freedom, security and justice serving the citizen”. The Communication is the Commission's contribution to the discussions on the new EU programme for the next five years in the area of justice and home affairs, the so called Stockholm programme, which is due to be adopted by the European Council in December 2009.

The EDPS supports the attention that has been devoted in the Communication to the protection of fundamental rights, and in particular the protection of personal data, as one of the key issues of the future framework for EU action on the questions of citizenship, justice, security, asylum and immigration. He fully endorses the Commission's view that more emphasis should be given to data protection in the areas concerned, and calls for the European Council to follow the same approach when adopting the Stockholm multi-annual programme.

Taking the need for protection of fundamental rights as main angle of the analysis, the EDPS opinion focuses on the following issues:

  • need for a comprehensive data protection scheme: the EDPS fully supports the call for a comprehensive data protection scheme covering all areas of EU competence, regardless of the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty;
  • data protection principles: the EDPS welcomes the intention of the Commission to reaffirm a number of basic principles of data protection. He emphasises the importance of the purpose limitation principle as a cornerstone of data protection law. Focus should also be given to the possibilities for improving the effectiveness of the application of data protection principles, in particular through instruments than can reinforce the responsibilities of the data controllers;
  • Opinion on the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on an Area of freedom, security and justice serving the citizen, OJ C 276, 17.11.2009, p. 8European information model: the EDPS notes the developments towards a European information model and an EU Information Management Strategy with great interest and underlines the attention that should be given in these projects to data protection elements, to be further elaborated in the Stockholm programme. The architecture for information exchange should be based on "privacy by design" and "Best Available Techniques".

Publication Technical requirements for credit transfers and direct debits in euros

Thursday, 23 June, 2011

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing technical requirements for credit transfers and direct debits in euros and amending Regulation (EC) No 924/2009, OJ C 284/01, 28.09.2011, p.1