European Data Protection Supervisor
European Data Protection Supervisor

Transport

Transport

As all modes of transport are increasingly reliant on technology to improve their efficiency, flexibility and cost, there is an increase in the associated data protection concerns, such as tracking and international data transfers which need to be closely monitored.

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28/09/2012
28
Sep
2012
09/07/2012
9
Jul
2012

Simplifying the transfer of motor vehicles registered in another Member State

Opinion on the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on simplifying the transfer of motor vehicles registered in another Member State within the Single Market

30/03/2012
30
Mar
2012
17/02/2012
17
Feb
2012

Driving licences including functionalities of a driver card

Opinion on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2006/126/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards driving licences which include the functionalities of a driver card, OJ C 139/01 15.05.2012, p1

See also the text of the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2006/126/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards driving licences which include the functionalities of a driver card

17/02/2012
17
Feb
2012

Merging professional drivers' driving licence with their driver card is not fully in line with data protection principles

The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) issued today an opinion on a Commission proposal to merge the driving licence of professional drivers with their driver card. The integration of two totally different functionalities in one single card, which would record a wide range of data about professional drivers including their activities and whereabouts, would have a significant impact on the fundamental right to the protection of personal data.

31/01/2012
31
Jan
2012
12/12/2011
12
Dec
2011

Implementation of the harmonised EU-wide in-vehicle emergency call ("eCall")

EDPS comments on the Commission Recommendation and the accompanying impact assessment on the implementation of the harmonised EU-wide in-vehicle emergency call ("eCall")

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27/10/2011
27
Oct
2011
17/10/2011
17
Oct
2011

Common basic standards on civil aviation security

Comments on the draft proposals for a Commission Regulation and for a Commission implementing Regulation on common basic standards on civil aviation security as regards the use of security scanners at EU airports.

12/10/2011
12
Oct
2011

Customs enforcement of intellectual property rights

Opinion on the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning customs enforcement of intellectual property rights, OJ C 363/01, 13.12.2011, p1

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06/10/2011
6
Oct
2011

Recording equipment in road transport: EDPS calls for additional safeguards to better protect the privacy of professional drivers

The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted an opinion yesterday on the European Commission proposal to revise the EU legislation on tachographs - the device used in road transport to monitor driving times and rest periods of professional drivers - as a means of checking compliance with social legislation in the field*.

05/10/2011
5
Oct
2011

Recording equipment in road transport

Opinion on the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85 on recording equipment in road transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council, OJ C 37/02  , 10.02.2012, p.6

01/07/2010
1
Jul
2010

Use of Security Scanners at EU airports

Comments on the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the Use of Security Scanners at EU airports

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the Use of Security Scanners at EU airports, 15 June 2010

04/02/2010
4
Feb
2010

Accidents and incidents in civil aviation

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation

04/02/2010
4
Feb
2010

Accident investigation in civil aviation: EDPS insists on ensuring confidentiality of data from persons involved in accidents

Today, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted an opinion on the European Commission's proposal to update the current rules for civil aviation accident investigation (*).

09/10/2009
9
Oct
2009
22/07/2009
22
Jul
2009

Intelligent Transport Systems

Opinion on the Communication from the Commission on an Action Plan for the Deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe and the accompanying Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other transport modes, OJ C 47, 25.02.2010, p. 6

The EDPS has adopted an opinion on the European Commission's proposed deployment plan for intelligent transport systems (ITS) in Europe that was adopted in December 2008 to accelerate and coordinate their deployment in road transport and their connection with other modes of transport. The deployment of ITS  has considerable privacy implications, for instance because these systems make it possible to track a vehicle and to collect a wide variety of data relating to European road users' driving habits.

The EDPS notes that data protection has been taken into consideration in the proposed legal framework and that it is also put forward as a general condition for the proper deployment of ITS. He however underlines that the Commission's proposal is too broad and too general to adequately address the privacy and data protection concerns raised by ITS deployment in the Member States. In particular, it is not clear when the performance of ITS services will lead to the collection and processing of personal data, what are the purposes and modalities for which data processing may take place, or who will be responsible for compliance with data protection obligations.

The EDPS opinion includes the following main recommendations:

  • clarification of responsibilities: it is crucial to clarify the roles of the different actors involved in ITS in order to identify who will bear the responsibility of ensuring that systems work properly from a data protection perspective (who is the data controller?);
  • safeguards for the use of location technologies: appropriate safeguards should be implemented by data controllers providing ITS services so that the use of location technologies is not intrusive from a privacy viewpoint. This should notably require further clarification as to the specific circumstances in which a vehicle will be tracked, strictly limiting the use of location devices to what is necessary for that purpose, and ensuring  that location data are not disclosed to unauthorized recipients;
  • "privacy by design" approach: the EDPS recommends to consider privacy and data protection from an early stage of the design of ITS to define the architecture, operation and management of the systems. Privacy and security requirements should be incorporated within standards, best practices, technical specifications and systems.

Background information
ITS apply information and communication technologies (satellite, computer, telephone, etc.) to transport infrastructure and vehicles with the intention to make transport safer and cleaner and to reduce traffic congestion. ITS applications and services are based on the collection, processing and exchange of a wide variety of data, both from public and private sources, including information on traffic and accidents but also personal data, such as the driving habits and journey patterns of citizens. Their deployment will also rely to a large extent on the use of geolocalisation technologies, such as satellite-positioning and RFID tags. As such, ITS constitute a "data-intensive area" and raise a number of privacy and data protection issues that should be carefully addressed in order to ensure the workability of ITS across Europe.

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22/07/2009
22
Jul
2009

Intelligent Transport Systems in road transport: "lack of clarity may lead to different levels of data protection in Europe" warns EDPS

Today, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted an opinion on the European Commission's proposed deployment plan for intelligent transport systems (ITS) in Europe that was adopted in December 2008 to accelerate and coordinate their deployment in road transport and their connection with other modes of transport (*).

03/02/2009
3
Feb
2009

Minimum stocks of crude oil and petroleum products

Opinion on the proposal for a Council Directive imposing an obligation on Member States to maintain minimum stocks of crude oil and/or petroleum products, OJ C 128, 06.06.2009, p. 42

18/07/2008
18
Jul
2008

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