European Data Protection Supervisor
European Data Protection Supervisor

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a reality and has woven its way into everyday life: navigation systems, spam filters, weather forecasts to name but a few.

There have been significant advancements in the field of machine learning, a subset of AI. The machines learn due to the complex algorithms that allow them to analyse huge data sets and make predictions using these data. Along with enhancing the machines’ skills, increasing amounts of data are being collected and information on human behaviour are being monitored; all of which present challenges for privacy and data protection.



'Digital Health 2020 - EU on the Move' - Wojciech Wiewiórowski

Speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski delivered at the 'Digital Health 2020 - EU on the Move' Panel, as part of an event organised by the German Presidency of the Council of the European Union (via video link), Brussels, Belgium


Global Privacy Assembly Closed Session 2020 - At your desk

Global Privacy Assembly Closed Session 2020 - At your desk

When: 13-15 October 2020

Where: Online session

The newly renamed Global Privacy Assembly (formerly known as International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners - ICDPPC) took place this year 2020 during the period from October the 13th to October the 15th. This year's event wasn't immune to the COVID-19 pandemic currently occurring. Consequently the place of the event, which initially was planned to be held in Mexico City, had to be changed to a virtual setting, making it the first time that such an occasion was organized online.

Following you can find the resolutions adopted during this year's GPA:


Resolution on Facial Recognition TechnologyPDF icon
Resolution on the Role of Personal Data Protection in International Development Aid, International Humanitarian Aid and Crisis ManagementPDF icon
Resolution on Accountability in the Development and Use of Artificial IntelligencePDF icon
Resolution on the Privacy and Data Protection Challenges arising from the COVID-19 PandemicPDF icon
Resolution on Joint Statements on Emerging IssuesPDF icon

EDPS Opinion on the European Commission’s White Paper on Artificial Intelligence – A European approach to excellence and trust

In February 2020, as a part of a wider package of strategic documents, the European Commission published a White Paper on “Artificial Intelligence: A European approach to excellence and trust”. 
This Opinion presents the EDPS views on the White Paper as a whole, as well as on certain specific aspects, such as the proposed risk-based approach, the enforcement of AI regulation or the specific requirements for the remote biometric identification (including facial recognition).
The EDPS recommendations in this opinion aim at clarifying and, where necessary, further developing the safeguards and controls with respect to protection of personal data.


European Strategy for Data


On 16 June 2020 the European Data Protection Supervisor adopted Opinion 3/2020 on the European strategy for data. The Strategy has been published by the European Commission on 19 February 2020 and is part of a wider package of strategic documents, including also a Communication on Shaping Europe’s digital future and a White Paper on Artificial Intelligence.


2019 Annual Report - a year of transition

2019 could be described as a year of transition, across Europe and the world.  With new legislation on data protection in the EU now in place, the greatest challenge moving into 2020 and beyond is to ensure that this legislation produces the promised results. Awareness of the issues surrounding data protection and privacy, and the importance of protecting these fundamental rights, is at an all-time high and this momentum cannot be allowed to decline.

This Annual Report provides an insight into all EDPS activities in 2019, which was the last year of a five-year EDPS mandate. EDPS activities therefore focused on consolidating the achievements of previous years, assessing the progress made and starting to define priorities for the future.

HTML version: EN

Summary (HTML): EN - FR - DE

Full text of Annual Report (PDF):PDF icon

CPDP 2020: Data Protection and Artificial Intelligence


CPDP2020 banner

The annual Computers, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) International Conference has been confirmed for 22-24 January 2020! The event will be held at Les Halles de Schaerbeek and Area42 in Brussels and focus on the theme of Data Protection and Artificial Intelligence, paving the way for a thorough discussion on a broad range of ethical, legal and policy issues related to new technologies and data analytics.

CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. It gathers together academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, computer scientists and civil society to exchange ideas and discuss the latest trends and emerging issues. Each year, CPDP offers a compelling and diverse line up of speakers and panels, making it one of the leading data protection and privacy conferences in Europe and around the world.

There will be more than 80 panels addressing current debates in the areas of information technology, privacy and data protection, some examples being  panels on AI and healthcare, autonomous vehicles, AI-based sentiment analysis, deepfakes, digital evidence, AI for crime prevention and GDPR compliance for SMEs. CPDP is also an extraordinary networking opportunity to mix and mingle with the privacy and data protection community.

The programme and registration information can be found at

You can follow CPDP on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube and participate in the online conversation with the hashtag #CPDP2020
For videos from past conferences, visit the YouTube Channel:
For enquiries, contact:


Resolutions and Declaration from the 2018 International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

Declaration on Ethics and Data Protection in Artificial IntelligencePDF icon
Resolution on e-learning platformsPDF icon
ICDPPC Future of the Conference Working GroupPDF icon
Resolution on a roadmap on the Future of the International ConferencePDF icon
Resolution on Collaboration between Data Protection Authorities and Consumer Protection Authorities for Better Protection of Citizens and Consumers in the Digital EconomyPDF icon
Resolution on the Conference Census PDF icon

Privacy, data protection and cyber security in the era of AI

Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli at Telecommunications and Media Forum: Artificial Intelligence and the future Digital Single Market.


8th Annual Data Protection and Privacy Conference

8th Annual Data Protection and Privacy Conference, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli,  Brussels, Belgium


Privacy in an age of hyperconnectivity

Keynote speech by Giovanni Buttarelli to the Privacy and Security Conference 2016, Rust am Neusiedler See, Austria


Newsletter Nr. 49

The October 2016 edition of the EDPS Newsletter covers recently adopted Opinions on Big Data and the EU border package, the EDPS Guidelines on Whistleblowing and many other EDPS activities.


Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Privacy and Data Protection

Background document for the 38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners



Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Privacy and Data Protection - 38th International Conference of Data Protection and PrivacyPDF icon
Resolution for the Adoption of an International Competency Framework on Privacy EducationPDF icon
International Competency Framework for school students on data protection and privacyPDF icon
Resolution on Developing New Metrics of Data Protection RegulationPDF icon
Resolution on Human Rights DefendersPDF icon
Resolution on International Enforcement CooperationPDF icon

Restoring Trust across the Atlantic

Article written by Peter Hustinx and published in TELOS, Revista de Pensamiento sobre Comunicación, Tecnologia y Sociedad, February-May 2014.


Use of office telephones - European Central Bank

Opinion of 13 February 2007 on a notification for prior checking on Investigation procedures regarding the use of office telephones (Case 2004-271)

The rules of the ECB as concerns the use of the telephone and fax equipment are provided for in an administrative circular. Members of staff are entitled to make personal calls but these must be declared for billing according to a system of call charging facility by introducing a PIN code. The circular establishes a procedure for investigation procedures on the use of office phones (Call Charging Facility Investigation Procedures) which can be triggered either when there is a disagreement with the content of itemised private call listing or disagreement with content of business calls statistics.If, having assessed the situation, there are grounds to suspect misconduct on the part of a member(s) of staff, further disciplinary measures can be taken, but these were not the object of the present prior check.

The EDPS has issued an opinion on this procedure which concludes that on a general basis the procedure complies with the principles established in the data protection regulation. However the EDPS did make some recommendations mainly as concerns the conservation periods for storing the data and information on the processing of personal data to be included in the administrative circular. The circular is currently in the process of modification and will reflect these recommendations accordingly.