European Data Protection Supervisor
European Data Protection Supervisor

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a reality and has woven its way into everyday life: navigation systems, spam filters, weather forecasts to name but a few.

There have been significant advancements in the field of machine learning, a subset of AI. The machines learn due to the complex algorithms that allow them to analyse huge data sets and make predictions using these data. Along with enhancing the machines’ skills, increasing amounts of data are being collected and information on human behaviour are being monitored; all of which present challenges for privacy and data protection.



Privacy in an age of hyperconnectivity

Keynote speech by Giovanni Buttarelli to the Privacy and Security Conference 2016, Rust am Neusiedler See, Austria


Newsletter Nr. 49

The October 2016 edition of the EDPS Newsletter covers recently adopted Opinions on Big Data and the EU border package, the EDPS Guidelines on Whistleblowing and many other EDPS activities.


Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Privacy and Data Protection

Background document for the 38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners



Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Privacy and Data Protection - 38th International Conference of Data Protection and PrivacyPDF icon
Resolution for the Adoption of an International Competency Framework on Privacy EducationPDF icon
International Competency Framework for school students on data protection and privacyPDF icon
Resolution on Developing New Metrics of Data Protection RegulationPDF icon
Resolution on Human Rights DefendersPDF icon
Resolution on International Enforcement CooperationPDF icon

Restoring Trust across the Atlantic

Article written by Peter Hustinx and published in TELOS, Revista de Pensamiento sobre Comunicación, Tecnologia y Sociedad, February-May 2014.


Use of office telephones - European Central Bank

Opinion of 13 February 2007 on a notification for prior checking on Investigation procedures regarding the use of office telephones (Case 2004-271)

The rules of the ECB as concerns the use of the telephone and fax equipment are provided for in an administrative circular. Members of staff are entitled to make personal calls but these must be declared for billing according to a system of call charging facility by introducing a PIN code. The circular establishes a procedure for investigation procedures on the use of office phones (Call Charging Facility Investigation Procedures) which can be triggered either when there is a disagreement with the content of itemised private call listing or disagreement with content of business calls statistics.If, having assessed the situation, there are grounds to suspect misconduct on the part of a member(s) of staff, further disciplinary measures can be taken, but these were not the object of the present prior check.

The EDPS has issued an opinion on this procedure which concludes that on a general basis the procedure complies with the principles established in the data protection regulation. However the EDPS did make some recommendations mainly as concerns the conservation periods for storing the data and information on the processing of personal data to be included in the administrative circular. The circular is currently in the process of modification and will reflect these recommendations accordingly.