European Data Protection Supervisor
European Data Protection Supervisor

Technologies

Technologies

As new technologies emerge and are integrated into our lives (internet of things, for instance) new uses of personal data evolve. Together with growth in computing and detection capabilities, in the field of biometrics for instance, these evolutions raise legitimate concerns about the protection of privacy and personal data.

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15/10/2020
15
Oct
2020

Global Privacy Assembly Closed Session 2020 - At your desk

Global Privacy Assembly Closed Session 2020 - At your desk

When: 13-15 October 2020

Where: Online session

The newly renamed Global Privacy Assembly (formerly known as International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners - ICDPPC) took place this year 2020 during the period from October the 13th to October the 15th. This year's event wasn't immune to the COVID-19 pandemic currently occurring. Consequently the place of the event, which initially was planned to be held in Mexico City, had to be changed to a virtual setting, making it the first time that such an occasion was organized online.

Following you can find the resolutions adopted during this year's GPA:

 

Resolution on Facial Recognition TechnologyPDF icon
Resolution on the Role of Personal Data Protection in International Development Aid, International Humanitarian Aid and Crisis ManagementPDF icon
Resolution on Accountability in the Development and Use of Artificial IntelligencePDF icon
Resolution on the Privacy and Data Protection Challenges arising from the COVID-19 PandemicPDF icon
Resolution on Joint Statements on Emerging IssuesPDF icon
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07/10/2020
7
Oct
2020

The State of Biometrics - Wojciech Wiewiórowski

Keynote speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski delivered at the Biometrics Annual Congress (via videolink), Brussels, Belgium

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28/08/2020
28
Aug
2020

EDPS formal comments on the draft Commission Delegated Regulation supplementing Directive (EU) 2010/31 of the European Parliament and of the Council

EDPS formal comments on the draft Commission Delegated Regulation supplementing Directive (EU) 2010/31 of the European Parliament and of the Council by establishing an optional common European Union scheme for rating the smart readiness of buildings and the Commission Implementing Regulation detailing the technical modalities for the effective implementation of an optional common Union scheme for rating of smart readiness of buildings.

26/08/2020
26
Aug
2020

EDPS formal comments on the draft Commission Implementing Decisions on the minimum standards and technicalities for biometric data in the Schengen Information System in the field of border checks and return and the field of police and judicial cooperation

EDPS Formal comments on the draft Commission Implementing Decisions on:
1.    the minimum data quality standards and technical specifications for biometric data in the Schengen Information System (SIS) in the field of border checks and return
2.    the minimum data quality standards and technical specifications for biometric data in the Schengen Information System (SIS) in the field of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
 

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07/08/2020
7
Aug
2020

TechDispatch #2/2020: Quantum Computing and Cryptography

Quantum computers can be highly beneficial to scientific developments due to the new, speedy way of performing computing. Once available, they however could break currently used cryptography and undermine the protection of (personal) data.

The physical laws of quantum mechanics allow for an alternative method to how today’s computers process information. Whereas traditional computers use bits (0 or 1) as a building block, quantum computers employ quantum bits, or qubits, that can be at the same moment a combination of |0⟩ and |1⟩.

The possible spectrum of values one qubit can adopt is best depicted by the surface of the Bloch sphere in Figure 1. While bits allow for two discrete values, qubits can store a point in a two-dimensional continuum, a surface of a sphere. Quantum computing can take advantage of those more powerful qubits and carry out operations not only for a determined value |0⟩ or |1⟩, but also for all possible superpositions at the same time. Consequently, quantum computing attains an efficiency advantage over binary computing for selected tasks. Some tasks would be rendered only feasible due to this efficiency boost, if the appropriate quantum computer hardware were available.

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31/07/2020
31
Jul
2020

Formal Comments on establishing technical specifications and procedures required for the system of interconnection

Formal comments of the EDPS on the Commission draft Implementing Regulation on establishing technical specifications and procedures required for the system of interconnection of registers established by Directive (EU) 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council

09/07/2020
9
Jul
2020

EDPS comments on cross-border exchange of data between national Covid-19 contact tracing and warning mobile applications

EDPS comments on the Commission draft implementing decision amending Implementing Decision 2019/1765 as regards the cross-border exchange of data between national contact tracing and warning mobile applications with regard to combatting the COVID-19 pandemic.

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24/06/2020
24
Jun
2020

14 misunderstandings with regard to biometric identification and authentication

Joint paper of the Spanish data protection authority, Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD), and the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) on 14 misunderstandings with regard to biometric identification and authentication.

The use of biometric data for identification and authentication purposes is not new but has greatly increased in recent years. Along with its growing popularity, unfortunately, some misconceptions about the technologies involved have become widespread. 
The objective of this document is to raise awareness about some misunderstandings about biometric technologies, and to motivate its readers to check assertions about the technology, rather than accepting them without verification. 

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Thursday, 28 May, 2020
28
May
2020

Newsletter (N°
80
)

In this edition of the EDPS Newsletter we cover the EDPS consultation on transfers of personal data, the virtual visit at the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the new TechDispatch on contact tracing and mobile apps, the 47th DPO virtual meeting among other topics.
07/05/2020
7
May
2020

TechDispatch #1/2020: Contact Tracing with Mobile Applications

In public health, contact tracing is the process to identify individuals who have been in contact with infected persons. Proximity tracing with smartphone applications and sensors could support contact tracing. It involves processing of sensitive personal data.
What is Contact Tracing?

During epidemics of infectious diseases, such as the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), it is important to lower the number of new infection cases and to stop it eventually. Therefore the infection chain of onward transmissions must be interrupted. When those persons known to be infected reveal their recent contacts, other infected persons may be identified, informed and e.g. isolated already early on, even before they become aware of their infection. The process to identify contacts of known cases is called contact tracing.
A person becomes a contact of a primary case by e.g. face-to-face contact within a short distance over some time span, physical contact or spending time indoors together–all within the incubation period of e.g. up to 2 weeks for the coronavirus disease.

To establish the risk exposure in contact tracing, information about the distance between the persons and the duration of contact are important. Close contacts with high-risk exposure may then become subject to different rules or treatments.

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21/01/2020
21
Jan
2020

EDPS-Civil Society Summit 2020

The EDPS-Civil society summit is an annual meeting between the EDPS and civil society organisations organized to discuss the state of data protection and privacy in the EU.

The 2020 edition will focus on a number of issues relating facial recognition, biometric surveillance technologies and its effects on activists
in the EU.

The Summit is part of Privacy Camp 2020.

Register here.

You can follow the event on our Twitter account and participate in the conversation using the hashtag #PrivacyCamp20.

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20/12/2019
20
Dec
2019

TechDispatch #3: Connected Cars

The modern car is a computer on four wheels. Today’s cars are constantly processing and transmitting data about themselves, their surroundings and the people in it – in most of the cases even without the knowledge of the driver. This data is used in navigation, to manage car systems like the engine or to deliver communication and infotainment services to passengers.

Increasingly today, the data generated by the car is shared over the internet with other vehicles, traffic infrastructure and private and public entities. These so-called connected cars belong to the evolving Internet of Things (IoT) - with manifold related risks attached. The growing amount of personal data generated by connected cars raises the interest of insurers, automakers, law enforcement authorities and other third parties.

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03/12/2019
3
Dec
2019

Leading by Example: EDPS 2015-2019

This report provides an overview of the activities carried out by the EDPS from 2015-2019. In particular, it focuses on how the EDPS has worked towards implementing the objectives set out in the EDPS Strategy 2015-2019, which relate to digitisation, global partnerships and the modernisation of data protection. This involved not only contributing historical pieces of legislation, such as the General Data Protection Regulation and Regulation 2018/1725, but also bringing the concepts of ethics and accountability to the forefront of data protection discourse and application.

 

 

 

 

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HTML (Summary):    DE    EN    FR

Full text of Leading by Example: EDPS 2015-2019:PDF icon
Summary (PDF):PDF icon
22/10/2019
22
Oct
2019

EDPS software receives Global Privacy and Data Protection Award

The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) has received the Global Privacy and Data Protection Award for innovation. The award recognises EDPS efforts to develop a Website Evidence Collector and was presented at the annual International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (ICDPPC), taking place this year in Tirana, Albania.

16/10/2019
16
Oct
2019

TechDispatch #2: Smart Meters in Smart Homes

To tackle climate change, the European Union has set itself a target to ensure that 80% of EU consumers are using smart meters by 2020. This should accelerate the move towards cleaner energy and reduce energy consumption. The European Commission issued a Recommendation on preparations for the roll-out of smart metering systems in 2012. Today, there are an increasing number of smart meters being used across the EU and integrated with other smart home appliances.

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Friday, 4 October, 2019
4
Oct
2019

Newsletter (N°
72
)

In this edition of the EDPS Newsletter we cover Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs), the first EDPS-EDPB Joint Opinion and the new EDPS website inspection software, among many other topics.
19/07/2019
19
Jul
2019

TechDispatch #1: Smart Speakers and Virtual Assistants

Ever since Alan Turing published his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence in 1950, computer scientists have tried to get machines to mimic human behaviour and make them as intelligent or as smart as human beings, by having them play imitation games.

Turing raised the question: Can machines think? He suggested that something “resembling thinking” could be achieved if we provide the machine with the best sense organs that money can buy, and then teach it to understand and speak English. This is the main reason why we call modern machines with some imitation capacity smart devices.

Today, a new generation of speaking devices interact with us in human-like ways to execute simple tasks and answer questions, and not only in English. How is this possible?

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18/01/2019
18
Jan
2019

Smart glasses and data protection

This technology report on smart glasses and data protection aims at clarifying the state of play of smart glasses in the market, official positions on related privacy and data protection issues and future developments.

10/08/2018
10
Aug
2018

Security of identity cards of Union citizens

EDPS Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation strengthening the security of identity cards of Union citizens and other documents

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