As new technologies emerge and are integrated into our lives (internet of things, for instance) new uses of personal data evolve. Together with growth in computing and detection capabilities, in the field of biometrics for instance, these evolutions raise legitimate concerns about the protection of privacy and personal data.
EDPS formal comments on the draft Commission Delegated Regulation supplementing Directive (EU) 2010/31 of the European Parliament and of the Council by establishing an optional common European Union scheme for rating the smart readiness of buildings and the Commission Implementing Regulation detailing the technical modalities for the effective implementation of an optional common Union scheme for rating of smart readiness of buildings.
EDPS Formal comments on the draft Commission Implementing Decisions on:
1. the minimum data quality standards and technical specifications for biometric data in the Schengen Information System (SIS) in the field of border checks and return
2. the minimum data quality standards and technical specifications for biometric data in the Schengen Information System (SIS) in the field of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
Quantum computers can be highly beneficial to scientific developments due to the new, speedy way of performing computing. Once available, they however could break currently used cryptography and undermine the protection of (personal) data.
The physical laws of quantum mechanics allow for an alternative method to how today’s computers process information. Whereas traditional computers use bits (0 or 1) as a building block, quantum computers employ quantum bits, or qubits, that can be at the same moment a combination of |0⟩ and |1⟩.
The possible spectrum of values one qubit can adopt is best depicted by the surface of the Bloch sphere in Figure 1. While bits allow for two discrete values, qubits can store a point in a two-dimensional continuum, a surface of a sphere. Quantum computing can take advantage of those more powerful qubits and carry out operations not only for a determined value |0⟩ or |1⟩, but also for all possible superpositions at the same time. Consequently, quantum computing attains an efficiency advantage over binary computing for selected tasks. Some tasks would be rendered only feasible due to this efficiency boost, if the appropriate quantum computer hardware were available.
To read the HTML edition, click the title above.
To read the PDF edition, click the EN button below.
Formal comments of the EDPS on the Commission draft Implementing Regulation on establishing technical specifications and procedures required for the system of interconnection of registers established by Directive (EU) 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council