European Data Protection Supervisor
Le Contrôleur Européen de la Protection des Données

Technologies

Technologies

À mesure que de nouvelles technologies voient le jour et sont intégrées dans nos vies (l’internet des objets, par exemple), les nouvelles utilisations des données à caractère personnel évoluent. Avec la croissance des capacités informatiques et de détection, dans le domaine de la biométrie, par exemple, ces évolutions suscitent des préoccupations légitimes au sujet de la protection de la vie privée et des données à caractère personnel.

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07/08/2020
7
Aug
2020

TechDispatch #2/2020: Quantum Computing and Cryptography

Quantum computers can be highly beneficial to scientific developments due to the new, speedy way of performing computing. Once available, they however could break currently used cryptography and undermine the protection of (personal) data.

The physical laws of quantum mechanics allow for an alternative method to how today’s computers process information. Whereas traditional computers use bits (0 or 1) as a building block, quantum computers employ quantum bits, or qubits, that can be at the same moment a combination of |0⟩ and |1⟩.

The possible spectrum of values one qubit can adopt is best depicted by the surface of the Bloch sphere in Figure 1. While bits allow for two discrete values, qubits can store a point in a two-dimensional continuum, a surface of a sphere. Quantum computing can take advantage of those more powerful qubits and carry out operations not only for a determined value |0⟩ or |1⟩, but also for all possible superpositions at the same time. Consequently, quantum computing attains an efficiency advantage over binary computing for selected tasks. Some tasks would be rendered only feasible due to this efficiency boost, if the appropriate quantum computer hardware were available.

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31/07/2020
31
Jul
2020

Observations formelles les spécifications techniques et les procédures nécessaires au système d'interconnexion des registres mis en place par la directive (UE) 2017/1132

Observations formelles du CEPD sur le projet de règlement d’exécution de la Commission établissant les spécifications techniques et les procédures nécessaires au système d'interconnexion des registres mis en place par la directive (UE) 2017/1132 du Parlement européen et du Conseil

24/06/2020
24
Jun
2020

14 misunderstandings with regard to biometric identification and authentication

Joint paper of the Spanish data protection authority, Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD), and the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) on 14 misunderstandings with regard to biometric identification and authentication.

The use of biometric data for identification and authentication purposes is not new but has greatly increased in recent years. Along with its growing popularity, unfortunately, some misconceptions about the technologies involved have become widespread. 
The objective of this document is to raise awareness about some misunderstandings about biometric technologies, and to motivate its readers to check assertions about the technology, rather than accepting them without verification. 

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Thursday, 28 Mai, 2020
28
May
2020

Newsletter (N°
80
)

In this edition of the EDPS Newsletter we cover the EDPS consultation on transfers of personal data, the virtual visit at the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the new TechDispatch on contact tracing and mobile apps, the 47th DPO virtual meeting among other topics.
07/05/2020
7
May
2020

TechDispatch #1/2020: Contact Tracing with Mobile Applications

In public health, contact tracing is the process to identify individuals who have been in contact with infected persons. Proximity tracing with smartphone applications and sensors could support contact tracing. It involves processing of sensitive personal data.
What is Contact Tracing?

During epidemics of infectious diseases, such as the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), it is important to lower the number of new infection cases and to stop it eventually. Therefore the infection chain of onward transmissions must be interrupted. When those persons known to be infected reveal their recent contacts, other infected persons may be identified, informed and e.g. isolated already early on, even before they become aware of their infection. The process to identify contacts of known cases is called contact tracing.
A person becomes a contact of a primary case by e.g. face-to-face contact within a short distance over some time span, physical contact or spending time indoors together–all within the incubation period of e.g. up to 2 weeks for the coronavirus disease.

To establish the risk exposure in contact tracing, information about the distance between the persons and the duration of contact are important. Close contacts with high-risk exposure may then become subject to different rules or treatments.

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21/01/2020
21
Jan
2020

EDPS-Civil Society Summit 2020

The EDPS-Civil society summit is an annual meeting between the EDPS and civil society organisations organized to discuss the state of data protection and privacy in the EU.

The 2020 edition will focus on a number of issues relating facial recognition, biometric surveillance technologies and its effects on activists
in the EU.

The Summit is part of Privacy Camp 2020.

Register here.

You can follow the event on our Twitter account and participate in the conversation using the hashtag #PrivacyCamp20.

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20/12/2019
20
Dec
2019

TechDispatch #3: Connected Cars

The modern car is a computer on four wheels. Today’s cars are constantly processing and transmitting data about themselves, their surroundings and the people in it – in most of the cases even without the knowledge of the driver. This data is used in navigation, to manage car systems like the engine or to deliver communication and infotainment services to passengers.

Increasingly today, the data generated by the car is shared over the internet with other vehicles, traffic infrastructure and private and public entities. These so-called connected cars belong to the evolving Internet of Things (IoT) - with manifold related risks attached. The growing amount of personal data generated by connected cars raises the interest of insurers, automakers, law enforcement authorities and other third parties.

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03/12/2019
3
Dec
2019

Leading by Example: EDPS 2015-2019

Le présent rapport fournit une vue d'ensemble des activités menées par le CEPD de 2015 à 2019. En particulier, il met l'accent sur la manière dont le CEPD a travaillé à la mise en œuvre des objectifs définis dans sa stratégie 2015-2019, qui concernent la numérisation, les partenariats mondiaux et la modernisation de la protection des données. Cela impliquait non seulement de contribuer à des textes législatifs historiques, tels que le règlement général sur la protection des données (RGPD) et le règlement 2018/1725, mais également de porter les concepts d'éthique et de responsabilisation au premier plan du discours et de l'application de la protection des données.

 

 

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22/10/2019
22
Oct
2019

Le logiciel du CEPD reçoit un Prix mondial du respect de la vie privée et de la protection des données

Le Contrôleur européen de la protection des données (CEPD) a reçu le Prix mondial de l’innovation en matière de respect de la vie privée et de protection des données. Ce prix récompense les efforts déployés par le CEPD pour élaborer un système de collecte de preuves sur les sites web et a été présenté lors de la Conférence internationale annuelle des commissaires à la protection des données et de la vie privée (ICDPPC), qui s’est tenue cette année à Tirana, en Albanie.

16/10/2019
16
Oct
2019

TechDispatch #2: Smart Meters in Smart Homes

To tackle climate change, the European Union has set itself a target to ensure that 80% of EU consumers are using smart meters by 2020. This should accelerate the move towards cleaner energy and reduce energy consumption. The European Commission issued a Recommendation on preparations for the roll-out of smart metering systems in 2012. Today, there are an increasing number of smart meters being used across the EU and integrated with other smart home appliances.

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Friday, 4 Octobre, 2019
4
Oct
2019

Newsletter (N°
72
)

In this edition of the EDPS Newsletter we cover Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs), the first EDPS-EDPB Joint Opinion and the new EDPS website inspection software, among many other topics.
19/07/2019
19
Jul
2019

TechDispatch #1: Smart Speakers and Virtual Assistants

Ever since Alan Turing published his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence in 1950, computer scientists have tried to get machines to mimic human behaviour and make them as intelligent or as smart as human beings, by having them play imitation games.

Turing raised the question: Can machines think? He suggested that something “resembling thinking” could be achieved if we provide the machine with the best sense organs that money can buy, and then teach it to understand and speak English. This is the main reason why we call modern machines with some imitation capacity smart devices.

Today, a new generation of speaking devices interact with us in human-like ways to execute simple tasks and answer questions, and not only in English. How is this possible?

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18/01/2019
18
Jan
2019

Smart glasses and data protection

This technology report on smart glasses and data protection aims at clarifying the state of play of smart glasses in the market, official positions on related privacy and data protection issues and future developments.

10/08/2018
10
Aug
2018

La sécurité des cartes d’identité des citoyens de l’Union

Avis du CEPD sur la proposition de règlement relatif au renforcement de la sécurité des cartes d’identité des citoyens de l’Union et d’autres documents

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31/05/2018
31
May
2018

Privacy by Design

EDPS Preliminary Opinion on Privacy by Design.

26/03/2018
26
Mar
2018

EDPS helping EU institutions to prepare for new chapter in EU data protection

Two months before the new data protection rules set out in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) become applicable, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) has published two new sets of Guidelines. The Guidelines provide advice to the EU institutions on how to adapt to this new chapter in EU data protection, which is notable for the emphasis it places on the principle of accountability.

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21/03/2018
21
Mar
2018

Veille sur les réseaux sociaux - BCE

Avis de contrôle préalable sur «Le traitement de données dans le cadre de la veille sur les réseaux sociaux» à la Banque centrale européenne (BCE) (Dossier 2017-1052)

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19/03/2018
19
Mar
2018

2017 Annual Report - Data Protection and Privacy in 2018: going beyond the GDPR

The GDPR is an outstanding achievement for the EU, its legislators and stakeholders, but the EU's work to ensure that data protection goes digital is far from finished. The majority of the world population now has access to the internet, while tech giants now represent the six highest valued companies in the world. With this in mind, in 2017 the EDPS issued advice to the legislator on the new ePrivacy Regulation, as well as pursuing his own initiatives relating to the Digital Clearinghouse and Digital Ethics, the latter of which will be the main topic of discussion at the 2018 International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners, co-hosted by the EDPS.

Finalising and implementing a revised version of the current legislation governing data protection in the EU institutions and bodies as soon as possible is also a priority, if the EU is to remain a credible and effective leader in the protection of individuals' rights. The EDPS intends to exercise the powers granted to him in the revised Regulation efficiently and responsibly, in order to ensure that the EU's institutions and bodies set an example for the rest of the EU to follow. For this reason, the EDPS has invested a lot of effort in preparing the EU institutions for the new rules and will continue to do so throughout 2018.  

In 2017, the EDPS also contributed to ongoing discussions on the Privacy Shield and on the free flow of data in trade agreements, which will remain on the EU and EDPS agenda throughout 2018. With the fight against terrorism still a pressing concern for the EU, the EDPS continues to advocate the need to find a balance between security and privacy in the processing of personal data by law enforcement authorities. As the new data protection supervisor for Europol, the EU’s police authority, he is determined to ensure that the EU sets an example in achieving this balance.

 

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16/03/2018
16
Mar
2018

Guidelines on the use of cloud computing services by the European institutions and bodies

The EU institutions, bodies and agencies (“the EU institutions”) have been considering the use of cloud computing services because of advantages such as costs savings and flexibility gains. They are nevertheless faced with the specific risks that the cloud computing paradigm involves and remain fully responsible regarding their data protection obligations. For cloud services, the EU institutions should ensure an equivalent level of protection of personal data as for any other type of IT infrastructure model.

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