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Surveillance

Les progrès technologiques au cours des dernières décennies ont rendu les techniques de surveillance, de suivi et de profilage plus faciles, moins coûteuses et plus précises. Par conséquent, la surveillance s’est accrue tant dans le secteur public (aux fins de l’application des lois et de la sécurité publique, par exemple) que dans le secteur privé (pour une publicité ciblée, par exemple). Ces pratiques peuvent avoir une incidence profonde sur la façon dont les personnes pensent et agissent, ainsi que sur d’autres droits personnels (tels que la liberté d’expression ou d’association).

Toute forme de surveillance constitue une intrusion en ce qui concerne les droits fondamentaux à la protection des données à caractère personnel et le droit à la protection de la vie privée. Elle doit être prévue par la loi et être nécessaire et proportionnée.

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8
Mar
2012

Révision de la directive sur les qualifications professionnelles

 Avis sur la proposition de la Commission de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil modifiant la directive 2005/36/CE relative à la reconnaissance des qualifications professionnelles et le règlement […] concernant la coopération administrative par l’intermédiaire du système d’information du marché intérieur, OJ C 137/01 12.05.2012, p1

Voir aussi le texte de la proposition de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil modifiant la directive 2005/36/CE relative à la reconnaissance des qualifications professionnelles et le règlement concernant la coopération administrative par l’intermédiaire du système d’information du marché intérieur

The objective of the Proposal is to modernize and amend the existing text of Directive 2005/36/EC (the Professional Qualifications Directive). From the data protection perspective, the two key aspects of the Proposal are (i) the introduction of an alert system and (ii) the introduction on a voluntary basis of a European Professional Card . The processing of personal data in both cases is foreseen to take place via the Internal Market Information System (IMI).

The EDPS welcomes the efforts made in the Proposal to address data protection concerns. The EDPS also welcomes the fact that the use of an existing information system, IMI, is proposed for the administrative cooperation, which already offers, at the practical level, a number of data protection safeguards. Nevertheless, important concerns remain, mainly relating to the alert system, which must remain proportionate.

The EDPS recommends, in particular, that:

  • the Proposal should specify unambiguously in which concrete cases alerts can be sent, more clearly define what personal data can be included in alerts, and limit the processing to the minimum that is necessary, taking into account proportionality and balancing of rights and interests;
  • in this respect, the Proposal should unambiguously specify that alerts can only be sent after a decision has been made by a competent authority or a court in a Member State prohibiting an individual to pursue his or her professional activities in its territory;
  • specify that the content of the alert must not contain more specific information regarding the circumstances and reasons for the prohibition;
  • clarify and limit to the minimum strictly necessary, the period for which alerts are retained; and
  • ensure that alerts are only sent to competent authorities in Member States and that these authorities shall keep alert information received confidential and not further distribute or publish it, unless the data were made public in accordance with the law of the sending Member State.

With regard to the European Professional Card and the related ‘IMI-file’, the EDPS recommends further clarifications on the conditions under which information concerning disciplinary action or criminal sanctions or any other serious specific circumstances must be included in the file, and the content of the information to be included, and also recommends clear limitation on the retention periods.

Further, the EDPS recommends that in the long term, if and when the use of Professional Cards and IMI will become widespread, the Commission undertake a review of whether the Article 56a alert systems are still necessary and whether they cannot be replaced by a more limited, and thus, from the data protection point of view, less intrusive, system.

Finally, the EDPS further recommends that the EDPS and Article 29 Working Party where national data protection authorities are also represented be consulted before the adoption of delegated acts referred to in Article 56a(5) and of any other delegated acts adopted under Article 58 which may have an impact on data protection. A data protection impact assessment should precede such consultation.

Langues disponibles: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, allemand, Estonian, Greek, anglais, Spanish, français, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Finnish, Swedish
17
Feb
2012

Permis de conduire qui intègrent les fonctionnalités d'une carte de conducteur

Avis du sur la proposition de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil modifiant la directive 2006/126/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil en ce qui concerne les permis de conduire qui intègrent les fonctionnalités d’une carte de conducteur, OJ C 139/01 15.05.2012, p1

Voir aussi le texte de la proposition de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil modifiant la directive 2006/126/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil en ce qui concerne les permis de conduire qui intègrent les fonctionnalités d'une carte de conducteur

Langues disponibles: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, allemand, Estonian, Greek, anglais, Spanish, français, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Finnish, Swedish
20
Dec
2011

Vidéosurveillance - CCE

Lettre du 20 décembre 2011 relatif à la notification d’un contrôle préalable sur le système de vidéosurveillance à la Cour des comptes européenne (CCE) (Dossier 2011-989)

Langues disponibles: allemand, anglais, français
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12
Dec
2011

Mise en œuvre du système d’appel d’urgence paneuropéen harmonisé embarqué à bord des véhicules (appels «eCall»)

Commentaires du CEPD sur la recommandation de la Commission et l’évaluation d’impact qui l’accompagne concernant la mise en œuvre du système d’appel d’urgence paneuropéen harmonisé embarqué à bord des véhicules (appels «eCall»)

The EDPS has provided comments in relation to the Commission's intention to establish a European regulatory framework on eCall. One of its major components will consist in putting forward a proposal for a Regulation providing for the mandatory introduction of the in-vehicle part of the eCall service in new type-approved vehicles in Europe.

The EDPS particularly welcomes a harmonised European approach to eCall, which should contribute to setting consistent data protection standards for its deployment and use. However the EDPS underlines that the choice of a mandatory introduction of eCall will have to be properly justified in terms of data protection. Furthermore, appropriate guarantees will need to be set forth in the Regulation which take into account data protection principles, including clarifying the responsibilities of the different operators and adopting rules for the processing of eCall data by all actors of the eCall chain. Given the data protection implications of the envisaged Regulation, the EDPS and the Article 29 Working Party should be duly consulted on the proposal from the Commission for a Regulation on eCall.

Langues disponibles: allemand, anglais, français
28
Oct
2011

Régime communautaire de contrôle afin d'assurer le respect des règles de la politique commune de la pêche

Avis sur le règlement d'exécution de la Commission  (UE) n° 404/2011 du 8 avril 2011 fixant les modalités d'application du règlement (CE) n° 1224/2009 du Conseil instituant un régime communautaire de contrôle afin d'assurer le respect des règles de la politique commune de la pêche, OJ C 37/01 , 10.02.2012, p.1

There are different reasons why data protection provisions in the context of this proposal are relevant. First, the proposal foresees the processing of various data, which in certain cases, can be considered as personal data. Moreover, the proposal also foresees transfers of these data and exchanges of information, both between Member States and with the Commission or the Community Fisheries Control Agency. The EDPS also notes that the proposal foresees the use of aggregated data in certain circumstances. All these aspects require respecting the data protection legal framework.

The EDPS welcomes that reference to privacy and data protection is made within the current proposal. However, some amendments are needed in order to provide clear requirements, both for the Member States and for the Commission to address the data protection aspects of the system.

Langues disponibles: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, allemand, Estonian, Greek, anglais, Spanish, français, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Finnish, Swedish