European Data Protection Supervisor
Le Contrôleur Européen de la Protection des Données

Concurrence

Concurrence

Le droit de la concurrence vise à assurer une concurrence équitable et sans distorsions au moyen, par exemple, de la protection contre les abus de position dominante. De nombreux services, notamment ceux en ligne, sont commercialisés comme étant gratuits mais exigent en réalité un paiement sous la forme d’informations personnelles de la part des clients. Une collaboration entre les décideurs politiques en matière de protection des données, de concurrence et de protection des consommateurs pourrait contribuer à assurer l’efficacité du marché intérieur ainsi que le bien-être et le choix pour les consommateurs.

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23/09/2016
23
Sep
2016

Données massives

Avis du CEPD sur une application cohérente des droits fondamentaux à l’ère des données massives (Big Data)

20/06/2016
20
Jun
2016

Consumers shaping the digital economy

Keynote speech by Giovanni Buttarelli given at BEUC Digiforum 2016, Brussels

08/03/2016
8
Mar
2016

Les données et la concurrence dans l'économie numérique

Opening statement by Giovanni Buttarelli at the Roundtable on data and competition hosted by l’Autorité de la Concurrence, Paris, France

24/09/2015
24
Sep
2015

Competition Rebooted: Enforcement and personal data in digital markets

Keynote speech of Giovanni Buttarelli given at Joint ERA-EDPS seminar

03/02/2015
3
Feb
2015

Antitrust, Privacy and Big Data

Speaking points of Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels

21/01/2015
21
Jan
2015

Privacy and Competition in the Digital Economy

Speech of Giovanni Buttarelli given at the European Parliament's Privacy Platform, Brussels

26/03/2014
26
Mar
2014

Compétitivité à l’ère de la collecte de données massives

Avis préliminaire sur "Vie privée et compétitivité à l’ère de la collecte de données massives: l’interaction entre le droit à la protection des données, le droit de la concurrence et la protection des consommateurs dans l’économie numérique"

13/06/2013
13
Jun
2013

Protection des données et concurrence: interfaces et interaction

Discours de Peter Hustinx lors du Séminaire Covington & Burling LLP "Législation sur la protection des données dans le contexte des enquêtes en matière de concurrence" - Bruxelles

21/06/2011
21
Jun
2011

Intégrité et la transparence du marché de l’énergie

Avis sur la proposition de règlement du Parlement européen et du Conseil concernant l’intégrité et la transparence du marché de l’énergie, OJ C 279/03, 23.09.2011, p.20

The main aim of the Proposal is to prevent market manipulation and insider trading on wholesale energy (gas and electricity) markets. The Proposal contains several provisions relevant to the protection of personal data, including those on market monitoring and reporting and investigation and enforcement. The EDPS recommendations included the following:

The Proposal should clarify whether any personal data may be processed in the context of market monitoring and reporting and which safeguards will apply. If, in contrast, no processing of personal data is expected (or such processing would only be exceptional and would be restricted to rare cases, where a wholesale energy trader might be an individual rather than a legal entity), this should be clearly set forth in the Proposal, at least in a recital.

Provisions on data protection, data security and accountability should be clarified and further strengthened, especially if the processing of personal data would play a more structural role. The Commission should ensure that adequate controls are in place to ensure data protection compliance and provide evidence thereof ("accountability").

The Proposal should clarify whether on-site inspections would be limited to a business property (premises and vehicles) of a market participant or also apply to private properties (premises or vehicles) of individuals. In the latter case, the necessity and proportionality of this power should be clearly justified and a judicial warrant and additional safeguards should be required. This should be clearly foreseen in the proposed Regulation.

The scope of the powers to require "existing telephone and existing data traffic records" should be clarified. The Proposal should unambiguously specify what records can be required and from whom. The fact that no data can be required from providers of publicly available electronic communications services should be explicitly mentioned in the text of the proposed Regulation, at least in a recital. The Proposal should also clarify whether the authorities may also require private records of individuals, such as employees or executives of the market participant under investigation (e.g. text messages sent from personal mobile devices or browsing history of home internet use). If this would be the case, the necessity and proportionality of this power should be clearly justified and the Proposal should also require a warrant from a judicial authority.

With regard to reporting of suspected market abuse, the Proposal should explicitly provide that any personal data contained in these reports should only be used for purposes of investigating the suspected market abuse reported. Unless a suspected market abuse has led to a specific investigation and the investigation is still on-going (or a suspicion has proved to be well-founded and has led to a successful investigation), all personal data related to the reported suspected market abuse should be deleted from the records of all recipients after the lapse of a specified period (unless otherwise justified, at the latest two years following the date of report). In addition, parties to an information exchange should also send each other an update in case a suspicion proves to be unfounded and/or an investigation has been closed without taking further action.